Keys vary between different computer keyboards, so here is a short comparative list to help you:
- Return = Enter
- Option = Alt
- Control = Ctrl
- Command (four-leaf clover) = Windows
- Delete = Backspace
Designated functions like adjusting the speaker volume or screen brightness are pre-existing keyboard shortcuts.
When you need a specific ‘F’ key to perform its real function, you should press down the function key designated by Fn, and some of the following:
F1 opens the Help screen for all programs.
F2 will help you rename any file or folder in the computer.
F3 will provide a search feature on all open applications at that time.
Alt/Option + F4 will help you close windows.
F5 refreshes or reloads the page.
F6 will help you move the cursor to the address bar.
F7 will spell- and grammar-check a document in Microsoft applications like Word.
F8 will allow access to the boot menu in Windows when you turn on the computer or show thumbnail images of all workspaces on a Mac.
F9 sends and receives emails in Microsoft Outlook, refreshes Microsoft Word documents or displays thumbnail images of all windows in a single workspace.
F10 opens the menu bar of applications, and displays all currently open windows and programs.
F11 enters and exits full-screen mode in Internet browsers, and in the case of a Mac, it displays the Desktop.
F12 displays a dashboard in a Mac and opens the ‘Save As’ dialog box in Microsoft Word.
Multi-Button Keyboard Shortcuts
Shift- Command-T opens the most recently closed tab.
Control-Shift-Escape/Command-Option-Escape will pull up the Task Manager.
Windows + F will open “Find Files and Folders”.
The Windows button + D will show the desktop.
The Print Screen button – PrtScr – allows you to take a snapshot of the screen.
If you have a Mac, press Shift-Command-3 to capture the entire screen, Shift-Command-4 to capture a specific area of a page, and Shift-Command-4-Space to capture a specific window.
Windows + L locks the workstation.
File and Document Keyboard Shortcuts
Press the Ctrl or Command button and then some of these:
+ O to open a file
+ A to select all the text on a page or document
+ N to open a new document
+ C to copy highlighted text
+ X to cut highlighted text
+ V to paste copied or cut text
+ S to save a file or document
+ P to print the document you are in
+ W to close a window
+ Q to close an app (Mac only)
+ Up Arrow to scroll to the top of any webpage