Propolis (natural resin of bees or propolis) is a dark green almost black substance, produced by bees from the extraction of resin from trees and plants. These insects extract the resin and then mix it in the hive with wax and saliva. In this way it is formed that the bees use to seal the hive as a cement, and prevent the spread of viruses and bacteria.
It has in its chemical structure active principles and essential oils, responsible for its antibiotic action. In fact, prior to the discovery of penicillin, it was used as an antibiotic to heal wounds and prevent their contamination by harmful microorganisms.
PROPERTIES OF PROPOLIS
It has more than 250 different substances in its composition, which make it an effective antibiotic and antiseptic and unique in nature.
The main components are:
-Vitamins and minerals
-Essential amino acids
As it is listed, this substance is unique and highly valued from ancient times by ancient peoples who knew the properties of propolis, exploited by bees.
It was only after the 1970s that scientific studies demonstrated that it is effective against the spread of bacteria and fungi, as well as acting as an analgesic on wounds. The flavonoids contained in the chemical structure are the active principles responsible for these natural properties of the substance.
History of propolis
In ancient Egypt, it was used for the preservation of corpses during the embalming process. It is believed that the Egyptians discovered this use from observing that bees dead inside swarms were covered with it, which prevented them from breaking down inside the hive.
Centuries later were the Greeks and then the Romans, who discovered the healing properties and began to use it for that purpose. But it was from the nineteenth century, prior to the discovery of penicillin, that propolis began to be used as an antibiotic and antiseptic to treat wounds. Initially, propolis was applied to injuries sustained by soldiers fighting in the war, but then widespread use was extended to the general population, and even treatment of sores in livestock.
-Use against skin diseases
Propolis is used as a fungicide and local antiseptic by placing it on wounds or lacerations. It can also be applied to sores caused by scar tissue or even burns.
-Use of propolis against diseases of the mouth
Oral diseases produced by bacteria can be palliated with the use of propolis locally. In addition propolis has the property of stimulating the production of dental enamel, which strengthens the denture and protects it from attack by microorganisms.
-Use against digestive diseases
Some gastric ulcers produced by the action of bacteria, as well as intestinal infections, can be combated with the consumption
-Use of propolis against respiratory diseases
Its use as a broad-spectrum natural antibiotic is useful to counteract infections in the respiratory tract and in particular, as an effective anti-influenza.
-Use against circulatory diseases
it acts as a vasodilator at the circulatory level, so it lowers blood pressure by normalizing its values. In addition, collaborates by preventing the intestine from absorbing fat so it has an indirect effect on cholesterol, decreasing their blood values.